## Comment on its growth rates over the period of last ten years about 300

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For Australia
1. Comment on its growth rates over the period of last ten years about 300 words. 15 marks] 2. Critically analyze the reasons for the variation of growth rates in that time period about 1200 words 110 marks! 3. What are the major challenges Australia faces in enhancing its growth rates in about 500 words. 15 marks]

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## 74. Using the pure expectations approach to the determination of interest rates

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74. Using the pure expectations approach to the determination of interest rates, calculate the expected (E) rate of interest of a one-year investment that will be available in 12 months’ time (1i1), given the following data: Current rate of return on a one-year-to-maturity (0i1) instrument: 7.75% per annum Current rate of return on a two-year maturity (0i2) instrument: 8.25% per annum A. 7.75% per annum B. 8.25% per annum C. 8.75% per annum D. 9.25% per annum75. If investors are not indifferent to whether they hold long-term or short-term securities, and need a liquidity premium to hold longer term securities, an investor who needs a liquidity premium of 0.25% per annum will expect to receive _______ on a two-year investment, given the following data: (0i1) 8.46% per annum (E1i1) 8.55% per annum  A. 8.51% per annum B. 8.63% per annum C. 8.80% per annum D. 8.88% per annum***Please show the full calculation

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## Unit 4 discusses the effects of Real Exchange Rates upo

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UNIT 4 (STEP 3)
This Unit 3 analyzed the various exchange rate systems such as fixed, pegged and floating exchange rates regimes and how fluctuations of exchange rates occur within these regimes. In addition, we discussed the traditional financial theories such as purchasing power parity (PPP) and international Fisher effect explaining how those variables effecting the exchange rates.
Unit 4 discusses the effects of Real Exchange Rates upon transactions, including the associated risk, surmise the appropriate steps to managing real exchange risk, examines how exchange rates are determined and their impact upon forecasting for future transactions.
Here is our assignment for this week:
Review:
Unit I Study Guide
Chapter 9: Measuring and Managing Real Exchange Risk
Chapter 10: Exchange Rate Determination and Forecasting
Unit IV
Portfolio Assignment
(COCA-COLA)
For this unit, you are to submit an outline draft of the presentation you will submit in Unit VIII. The draft should contain brief introductions to the following areas:
1. Diversification
2. Investment
3. Management
4. Exchange rates
5. Currency forecast
You will be discussing the organization’s involvement in these areas in detail within Unit VIII; however, for purposes of this draft you are to submit the following items:
 A brief description of each term.
 A general description on how these affect an organization.
 How you think the organization you chose weighs in on these topics
o For this portion, you should use the information you have on your organization to estimate or forecast what you believe the appropriate actions should be in these areas.
 At least 3-4 references with an annotated bibliography for each. o For information on annotated bibl…

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## Determine the effects of Real Exchange Rates upon transactions,

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MBA 6651, International Finance 1Course Learning Outcomes for Unit IVUpon completion of this unit, students should be able to:
1. Determine the effects of Real Exchange Rates upon transactions, including the associated risk.
2. Surmise the appropriate steps to managing real exchange risk.
3. Examine how exchange rates are determined and their impact upon forecasting for future
transactions.Reading AssignmentChapter 9:Measuring and Managing Real Exchange RiskChapter 10:Exchange Rate Determination and ForecastingUnit LessonWe begin the lecture with how firms respond to real exchange risk with their pricing, marketing, and
production policies. Pricing is a major factor when dealing with real exchange risk. For example, when BMW
started producing automobiles in the United States, it started in South Carolina. Why would a German
company like BMW build a plant in South Carolina? A few factors are involved. When BMW made the
decision to have a plant in the United States, they looked at the labor, tax breaks, and the exchange rate
converting dollars to euro. Pricing was the reason for the move. Labor was also a key issue, as making the
automobile in Germany would have cost the firm 30 euro per hour, compared to paying an American worker
24.50 euro per hour. The next key was the tax breaks which the company received; they received enormous
tax breaks to induce them to locate there. The exchange rate was another factor.
When a vehicle is built in Germany and is shipped to the United States, the firm must convert the value of the
automobile from euro to dollars and therefore may cause less of a profit for the firm, depending on the value
of the dollar converted to the euro. This risk caused the firm to decide to establish a plant in the United States;
for this case one would make the decision on the value of the automobile and what it cost to build on the
worth of the dollar. When the automobile is made in Germany a depreciation of the dollar can create a loss of
value when the profits are converted into euro, and there is pressure to increase the dollar price of the car to
offset dollar depreciation. During the 1980s, the value of the dollar was high and therefore military personnel
that were stationed overseas in Europe would bring back European vehicles. Some could purchase a
190e Mercedes for as little as \$15,000 or less. The exchange rate for the DM to the dollar was 3 DM to 1
dollar. (Crum, 2005)
Another factor to consider is the marketing strategies and managing real exchange risk in the pricing-tomarket, which refers to how producers charge different prices for the same good in different countries. For
example, Apple iPads and iPhones cost less in the United States than in other countries. When Apple sells
their iPhones to a telecommunications service provider in the United States, such as T-Mobile or Sprint, the
telecom provider gets the phones at a discounted rate. The telecom provider makes their money by signing
the consumer into a two-year service contract. However, when selling phones to other countries, they are
required to unlock the phone so the consumer can use it with any telecom service provider. (Bekaert, 2012)
A firm’s profitability can change due to the fluctuations in the real exchange rate, such as the production
policy. Depreciation in a domestic currency hurts importing firms and helps exporting firms exposed to real
exchange rates without having direct exposure to foreign currency cash flow. For example, Greece produces
80% more extra virgin olive oil than any other country. However, as of recently the Greek economy has facedUNIT IV STUDY GUIDEExchange Rates: Managing
and Forecasting RiskMBA 6651, International Finance 2UNIT x STUDY GUIDETitlehardship, and while exports of Olive Oil are high they cannot account for the bulk of the country’s GDP. In a
country of 11 million, only 3.7 million people have jobs, down from 4.6 million four years ago. Economic
activity has shrunk by over 20% in that time. With the fluctuations of the exchange rate of the Euro, the other
countries were willing to assist Greece since the Euro is attached to the same currency. (Shea, 2009)
Financial institutions devote substantial res…

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## Determine the effects of Real Exchange Rates upon

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MBA 6651, International Finance 1Course Learning Outcomes for Unit IVUpon completion of this unit, students should be able to:
1. Determine the effects of Real Exchange Rates upon transactions, including the associated risk.
2. Surmise the appropriate steps to managing real exchange risk.
3. Examine how exchange rates are determined and their impact upon forecasting for future
transactions.Reading AssignmentChapter 9:Measuring and Managing Real Exchange RiskChapter 10:Exchange Rate Determination and ForecastingUnit LessonWe begin the lecture with how firms respond to real exchange risk with their pricing, marketing, and
production policies. Pricing is a major factor when dealing with real exchange risk. For example, when BMW
started producing automobiles in the United States, it started in South Carolina. Why would a German
company like BMW build a plant in South Carolina? A few factors are involved. When BMW made the
decision to have a plant in the United States, they looked at the labor, tax breaks, and the exchange rate
converting dollars to euro. Pricing was the reason for the move. Labor was also a key issue, as making the
automobile in Germany would have cost the firm 30 euro per hour, compared to paying an American worker
24.50 euro per hour. The next key was the tax breaks which the company received; they received enormous
tax breaks to induce them to locate there. The exchange rate was another factor.
When a vehicle is built in Germany and is shipped to the United States, the firm must convert the value of the
automobile from euro to dollars and therefore may cause less of a profit for the firm, depending on the value
of the dollar converted to the euro. This risk caused the firm to decide to establish a plant in the United States;
for this case one would make the decision on the value of the automobile and what it cost to build on the
worth of the dollar. When the automobile is made in Germany a depreciation of the dollar can create a loss of
value when the profits are converted into euro, and there is pressure to increase the dollar price of the car to
offset dollar depreciation. During the 1980s, the value of the dollar was high and therefore military personnel
that were stationed overseas in Europe would bring back European vehicles. Some could purchase a
190e Mercedes for as little as \$15,000 or less. The exchange rate for the DM to the dollar was 3 DM to 1
dollar. (Crum, 2005)
Another factor to consider is the marketing strategies and managing real exchange risk in the pricing-tomarket, which refers to how producers charge different prices for the same good in different countries. For
example, Apple iPads and iPhones cost less in the United States than in other countries. When Apple sells
their iPhones to a telecommunications service provider in the United States, such as T-Mobile or Sprint, the
telecom provider gets the phones at a discounted rate. The telecom provider makes their money by signing
the consumer into a two-year service contract. However, when selling phones to other countries, they are
required to unlock the phone so the consumer can use it with any telecom service provider. (Bekaert, 2012)
A firm’s profitability can change due to the fluctuations in the real exchange rate, such as the production
policy. Depreciation in a domestic currency hurts importing firms and helps exporting firms exposed to real
exchange rates without having direct exposure to foreign currency cash flow. For example, Greece produces
80% more extra virgin olive oil than any other country. However, as of recently the Greek economy has facedUNIT IV STUDY GUIDEExchange Rates: Managing
and Forecasting RiskMBA 6651, International Finance 2UNIT x STUDY GUIDETitlehardship, and while exports of Olive Oil are high they cannot account for the bulk of the country’s GDP. In a
country of 11 million, only 3.7 million people have jobs, down from 4.6 million four years ago. Economic
activity has shrunk by over 20% in that time. With the fluctuations of the exchange rate of the Euro, the other
countries were willing to assist Greece since the Euro is attached to the same currency. (Shea, 2009)
Financial institutions devote substantial res…

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## How would unbundling of rates charged affect your decision on what health care provider you choose?

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How would unbundling of rates charged affect your decision on what health care provider you choose?
Read the article on bundled pricing. How would unbundling of rates charged affect your decision on what health care provider you choose? Would you change providers if the difference between them was the way their charges were presented (bundled vs. unbundled)?
https://hbr.org/2010/02/the-pros-and-cons-of-bundled-p.html
Topic: How would unbundling of rates charged affect your decision on what health care provider you choose?

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## Original essay on: Determine the effects of Real Exchange Rates

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MBA 6651, International Finance 1Course Learning Outcomes for Unit IVUpon completion of this unit, students should be able to:
1. Determine the effects of Real Exchange Rates upon transactions, including the associated risk.
2. Surmise the appropriate steps to managing real exchange risk.
3. Examine how exchange rates are determined and their impact upon forecasting for future
transactions.Reading AssignmentChapter 9:Measuring and Managing Real Exchange RiskChapter 10:Exchange Rate Determination and ForecastingUnit LessonWe begin the lecture with how firms respond to real exchange risk with their pricing, marketing, and
production policies. Pricing is a major factor when dealing with real exchange risk. For example, when BMW
started producing automobiles in the United States, it started in South Carolina. Why would a German
company like BMW build a plant in South Carolina? A few factors are involved. When BMW made the
decision to have a plant in the United States, they looked at the labor, tax breaks, and the exchange rate
converting dollars to euro. Pricing was the reason for the move. Labor was also a key issue, as making the
automobile in Germany would have cost the firm 30 euro per hour, compared to paying an American worker
24.50 euro per hour. The next key was the tax breaks which the company received; they received enormous
tax breaks to induce them to locate there. The exchange rate was another factor.
When a vehicle is built in Germany and is shipped to the United States, the firm must convert the value of the
automobile from euro to dollars and therefore may cause less of a profit for the firm, depending on the value
of the dollar converted to the euro. This risk caused the firm to decide to establish a plant in the United States;
for this case one would make the decision on the value of the automobile and what it cost to build on the
worth of the dollar. When the automobile is made in Germany a depreciation of the dollar can create a loss of
value when the profits are converted into euro, and there is pressure to increase the dollar price of the car to
offset dollar depreciation. During the 1980s, the value of the dollar was high and therefore military personnel
that were stationed overseas in Europe would bring back European vehicles. Some could purchase a
190e Mercedes for as little as \$15,000 or less. The exchange rate for the DM to the dollar was 3 DM to 1
dollar. (Crum, 2005)
Another factor to consider is the marketing strategies and managing real exchange risk in the pricing-tomarket, which refers to how producers charge different prices for the same good in different countries. For
example, Apple iPads and iPhones cost less in the United States than in other countries. When Apple sells
their iPhones to a telecommunications service provider in the United States, such as T-Mobile or Sprint, the
telecom provider gets the phones at a discounted rate. The telecom provider makes their money by signing
the consumer into a two-year service contract. However, when selling phones to other countries, they are
required to unlock the phone so the consumer can use it with any telecom service provider. (Bekaert, 2012)
A firm’s profitability can change due to the fluctuations in the real exchange rate, such as the production
policy. Depreciation in a domestic currency hurts importing firms and helps exporting firms exposed to real
exchange rates without having direct exposure to foreign currency cash flow. For example, Greece produces
80% more extra virgin olive oil than any other country. However, as of recently the Greek economy has facedUNIT IV STUDY GUIDEExchange Rates: Managing
and Forecasting RiskMBA 6651, International Finance 2UNIT x STUDY GUIDETitlehardship, and while exports of Olive Oil are high they cannot account for the bulk of the country’s GDP. In a
country of 11 million, only 3.7 million people have jobs, down from 4.6 million four years ago. Economic
activity has shrunk by over 20% in that time. With the fluctuations of the exchange rate of the Euro, the other
countries were willing to assist Greece since the Euro is attached to the same currency. (Shea, 2009)
Financial institutions devote substantial res…

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## Original essay on: Determine the effects of Real Exchange Rates upon

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MBA 6651, International Finance 1Course Learning Outcomes for Unit IVUpon completion of this unit, students should be able to:
1. Determine the effects of Real Exchange Rates upon transactions, including the associated risk.
2. Surmise the appropriate steps to managing real exchange risk.
3. Examine how exchange rates are determined and their impact upon forecasting for future
transactions.Reading AssignmentChapter 9:Measuring and Managing Real Exchange RiskChapter 10:Exchange Rate Determination and ForecastingUnit LessonWe begin the lecture with how firms respond to real exchange risk with their pricing, marketing, and
production policies. Pricing is a major factor when dealing with real exchange risk. For example, when BMW
started producing automobiles in the United States, it started in South Carolina. Why would a German
company like BMW build a plant in South Carolina? A few factors are involved. When BMW made the
decision to have a plant in the United States, they looked at the labor, tax breaks, and the exchange rate
converting dollars to euro. Pricing was the reason for the move. Labor was also a key issue, as making the
automobile in Germany would have cost the firm 30 euro per hour, compared to paying an American worker
24.50 euro per hour. The next key was the tax breaks which the company received; they received enormous
tax breaks to induce them to locate there. The exchange rate was another factor.
When a vehicle is built in Germany and is shipped to the United States, the firm must convert the value of the
automobile from euro to dollars and therefore may cause less of a profit for the firm, depending on the value
of the dollar converted to the euro. This risk caused the firm to decide to establish a plant in the United States;
for this case one would make the decision on the value of the automobile and what it cost to build on the
worth of the dollar. When the automobile is made in Germany a depreciation of the dollar can create a loss of
value when the profits are converted into euro, and there is pressure to increase the dollar price of the car to
offset dollar depreciation. During the 1980s, the value of the dollar was high and therefore military personnel
that were stationed overseas in Europe would bring back European vehicles. Some could purchase a
190e Mercedes for as little as \$15,000 or less. The exchange rate for the DM to the dollar was 3 DM to 1
dollar. (Crum, 2005)
Another factor to consider is the marketing strategies and managing real exchange risk in the pricing-tomarket, which refers to how producers charge different prices for the same good in different countries. For
example, Apple iPads and iPhones cost less in the United States than in other countries. When Apple sells
their iPhones to a telecommunications service provider in the United States, such as T-Mobile or Sprint, the
telecom provider gets the phones at a discounted rate. The telecom provider makes their money by signing
the consumer into a two-year service contract. However, when selling phones to other countries, they are
required to unlock the phone so the consumer can use it with any telecom service provider. (Bekaert, 2012)
A firm’s profitability can change due to the fluctuations in the real exchange rate, such as the production
policy. Depreciation in a domestic currency hurts importing firms and helps exporting firms exposed to real
exchange rates without having direct exposure to foreign currency cash flow. For example, Greece produces
80% more extra virgin olive oil than any other country. However, as of recently the Greek economy has facedUNIT IV STUDY GUIDEExchange Rates: Managing
and Forecasting RiskMBA 6651, International Finance 2UNIT x STUDY GUIDETitlehardship, and while exports of Olive Oil are high they cannot account for the bulk of the country’s GDP. In a
country of 11 million, only 3.7 million people have jobs, down from 4.6 million four years ago. Economic
activity has shrunk by over 20% in that time. With the fluctuations of the exchange rate of the Euro, the other
countries were willing to assist Greece since the Euro is attached to the same currency. (Shea, 2009)
Financial institutions devote substantial res…

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## Why did the insurance company raise the rates so much? How would you estimate a fair insurance rate?

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Why did the insurance company raise the rates so much? How would you estimate a fair insurance rate?
Assignment 2: Required Assignment 1—The S’No Risk Program
In the mid-eighties, the Toro company launched a promotion in which snow blower purchasers could refund a portion of their purchase if the next winter brought modest snowfalls. The amount of their refund was tied to snowfall amounts and so, the program was prey to certain risks and uncertainties. You will explore those risks and choices from a variety of perspectives.
Review the case study “The Toro Company S’No Risk Program” by David E. Bell (1994) from this module’s assigned readings. Click here to download the Toro Excel worksheet which contains data exhibits from the article; the exhibit titles match the tabs long the bottom of the worksheet. Use this tool to conduct your data analysis for this assignment.
Analyze the risks of the program from the following points of view:
Toro
The insurance company
The consumers
Write a 6–8-page analysis paper that addresses the following:
Why did the insurance company raise the rates so much? How would you estimate a fair insurance rate?
From the perspective of the consumer, how were the paybacks structured and how might they be restructured to entice you at an equal or lower cost of insurance? How does the program influence your decision to purchase?
What are the common decision traps which each group in point (2) is susceptible to? Develop a matrix or decision tree in order to compare the groups. How does the program impact the consumer’s “regret”? (Hint: Map the possible outcomes for the consumer.)
From either Toro’s or the insurance company’s perspective, how would you frame your argument to achieve your desired objective?
Was the program successful? Why or why not?
If you were Dick Pollick, would you repeat the program? Assume you manage the S’No Risk program and argue your case. To what biases are you susceptible in this case?
Topic: Why did the insurance company raise the rates so much? How would you estimate a fair insurance rate?

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## Single Plantwide And Multiple Production Overhead Rates

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College essay writing servicePurchase the answer to view it.